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    With no doubt the Egyptians have been the first to invent a solar and rational calendar. Their year was made of 365 days and divided in 12 months of 30 days each, to which there were added, at the end of the yearly cycle, 5 supplementary days or “epagomeni”. The months were divided in three groups of four months that coincided with the three seasons. The flood season akhet The germination season pert The heat season shem Only in the low epoch a name was given to each month: Thot, Paophi, Athyr, Choiak for the flood season; Tybi, Meshir, Phmenoth, Pharmuthi for the germination season Pachons, Payni, Epiphi, Mesori for…

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